How Many Types Of Cancer Are There?

How Many Types Of Cancer Are There?

How Many Types Of Cancer Are There?​:- This is a listing of cancer varieties. Cancer may be a cluster of diseases that involve abnormal will increase within the variety of cells, with the potential to invade or unfold to alternative elements of the body. Not all tumors or lumps area unit cancerous; benign tumors aren’t classified as being cancer as a result of they are doing not unfold to alternative elements of the body. There area unit over a hundred completely different identified cancers that have an effect on humans.

Cancers area unit usually delineate by the part that they originated in. However, someone elements contain multiple varieties of tissue, therefore for bigger exactitude, cancers area unit in addition classified by the kind of cell that the neoplasm cells originated from.

how many types of cancer are there

What is Cancer?

Cancer is that the generic term accustomed describe a bunch of disorders caused by associate degree abnormal, uncontrolled multiplication of cells, that sometimes ends up in the destruction of neighboring tissues. Gradually, these tissues and organs stop functioning and death might occur. the explanations for cells to start out multiplying is unknown in most cases. they will have some inherent abnormality or is also suffering from external influences. There may be several types of cancer like carcinoma, carcinoma, stomach, carcinoma, blood, prostate etc. and also the symptoms vary counting on the type.

List of cancer types:-

This is a listing of cancer varieties. Cancer may be a cluster of diseases that involve abnormal will increase within the variety of cells, with the potential to invade or unfold to alternative elements of the body. Not all tumors or lumps area unit cancerous; benign tumors aren’t classified as being cancer as a result of they are doing not unfold to alternative elements of the body. There area unit over a hundred completely different identified cancers that have an effect on humans.

how many types of cancer are there
  • Carcinoma: Cancers derived from animal tissue cells. This cluster includes several of the foremost common cancers, notably in older adults. Nearly all cancers developing within the breast, prostate, lung, pancreas, and colon area unit carcinomas.
  • Sarcoma: Cancers arising from animal tissue (i.e. bone, cartilage, fat, nerve), every of that develops from cells originating in mesenchymal cells outside the bone marrow.
  • Lymphoma and leukemia: These 2 categories of cancer arise from cells that create blood. cancer of the blood is that the most typical style of cancer in youngsters accounting for concerning half-hour. However, much more adults develop cancer and cancer of the blood.
  • Germ cell tumor: Cancers derived from pluripotent cells, most frequently presenting within the testis or the ovary (seminoma and dysgerminoma, respectively).
  • Blastoma: Cancers derived from immature “precursor” cells or animal tissue. Blastomas area unit additional common in youngsters than in older adults.

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List of cancer types:- Types and Subtypes

How Many Types Of Cancer Are There?
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Ewing’s sarcoma
  • Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of bone/osteosarcoma
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Heart cancer
  • Astrocytoma
  • Brainstem glioma
  • Pilocytic astrocytoma
  • Ependymoma
  • Primitive neuroectodermal tumor
  • Cerebellar astrocytoma
  • Cerebral astrocytoma
  • Glioma
  • Medulloblastoma
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Oligodendroglioma
  • Pineal astrocytoma
  • Pituitary adenoma
  • Visual pathway and hypothalamic glioma
  • Breast cancer
  • Invasive lobular carcinoma
  • Tubular carcinoma
  • Invasive cribriform carcinoma
  • Medullary carcinoma
  • Male breast cancer
  • Phyllodes tumor
  • Inflammatory Breast Cancer
How Many Types Of Cancer Are There?
  • Adrenocortical carcinoma
  • Islet cell carcinoma (endocrine pancreas)
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes
  • Parathyroid cancer
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Merkel cell carcinoma
  • Uveal melanoma
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Anal cancer
  • Appendix cancer
  • cholangiocarcinoma
  • Carcinoid tumor, gastrointestinal
  • Colon cancer
  • Extrahepatic bile duct cancer
  • Gallbladder cancer
  • Gastric (stomach) cancer
  • Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumor GIST)
  • Hepatocellular cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer, islet cell
  • Rectal cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Cervical cancer
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Extragonadal germ cell tumor
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Ovarian epithelial cancer (surface epithelial-stromal tumor)
  • Ovarian germ cell tumor
  • Penile cancer
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Renal pelvis and ureter, transitional cell cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Testicular cancer
  • Gestational trophoblastic tumor
  • Ureter and renal pelvis, transitional cell cancer
  • Urethral cancer
  • Uterine sarcoma
  • Vaginal cancer
  • Vulvar cancer
  • Wilms tumor
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Head and neck cancer
  • Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
  • Oral cancer
  • Oropharyngeal cancer
  • Paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer
  • Pharyngeal cancer
  • Salivary gland cancer
  • Hypopharyngeal cancer
  • Acute biphenotypic leukemia
  • Acute eosinophilic leukemia
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Acute myeloid dendritic cell leukemia
  • AIDS-related lymphoma
  • Anaplastic large cell lymphoma
  • Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma
  • B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia
  • Burkitt’s lymphoma
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia
  • Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
  • Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
  • Follicular lymphoma
  • Hairy cell leukemia
  • Hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma
  • Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Hairy cell leukemia
  • Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma
  • Large granular lymphocytic leukemia
  • Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma
  • Lymphomatoid granulomatosis
  • Mantle cell lymphoma
  • Marginal zone B-cell lymphoma
  • Mast cell leukemia
  • Mediastinal large B cell lymphoma
  • Multiple myeloma/plasma cell neoplasm
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
  • Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma
  • Mycosis fungoides
  • Nodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Precursor B lymphoblastic leukemia
  • Primary central nervous system lymphoma
  • Primary cutaneous follicular lymphoma
  • Primary cutaneous immunocytoma
  • Primary effusion lymphoma
  • Plasmablastic lymphoma
  • Sézary syndrome
  • Splenic marginal zone lymphoma
  • T-cell prolymphocytic leukemi
  • Basal-cell carcinoma
  • Melanoma
  • Skin cancer (non-melanoma)
  • Bronchial adenomas/carcinoids
  • Small cell lung cancer
  • Mesothelioma
  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Pleuropulmonary blastoma
  • Laryngeal cancer
  • Thymoma and thymic carcinoma
How Many Types Of Cancer Are There?
  • A
    Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
    Acute chronic myelocytic leukemia (AML)
    Adolescents, Cancer in
    Adrenocortical malignant neoplastic disease
    Childhood endocrine gland malignant neoplastic disease – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    AIDS-Related Cancers
    Kaposi cancer (Soft Tissue cancer)
    AIDS-Related cancer (Lymphoma)
    Primary CNS cancer (Lymphoma)
    Anal Cancer
    Appendix Cancer – see gi tumor Tumors
    Astrocytomas, Childhood (Brain Cancer)
    Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid tumour, Childhood, Central systema nervosum (Brain Cancer)

  • B
    Basal Cell malignant neoplastic disease of the Skin – see carcinoma
    Bile Duct Cancer
    Bladder Cancer
    Childhood Bladder Cancer – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Bone Cancer (includes Ewing cancer and sarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma)
    Brain Tumors
    Breast Cancer
    Childhood carcinoma – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Bronchial Tumors, Childhood – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Burkitt cancer – see Non-Hodgkin cancer

  • C
    Carcinoid tumour (Gastrointestinal)
    Childhood tumor Tumors – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Carcinoma of Unknown Primary
    Childhood malignant neoplastic disease of Unknown Primary – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Cardiac (Heart) Tumors, Childhood – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Central systema nervosum
    Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid tumour, Childhood (Brain Cancer)
    Embryonal Tumors, Childhood (Brain Cancer)
    Germ Cell tumour, Childhood (Brain Cancer)
    Primary CNS cancer
    Cervical Cancer
    Childhood Cervical Cancer – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Childhood Cancers
    Cancers of Childhood, Unusual
    Cholangiocarcinoma – see duct Cancer
    Chordoma, Childhood – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Chronic leukaemia (CLL)
    Chronic Myelogenous cancer of the blood (CML)
    Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
    Colorectal Cancer
    Childhood body part Cancer – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Craniopharyngioma, Childhood (Brain Cancer)
    Cutaneous T-Cell cancer – see cancer (Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome)

  • D
    Ductal malignant neoplastic disease in place (DCIS) – see carcinoma

  • E
    Embryonal Tumors, Central systema nervosum, Childhood (Brain Cancer)
    Endometrial Cancer (Uterine Cancer)
    Ependymoma, Childhood (Brain Cancer)
    Esophageal Cancer
    Childhood musculature Cancer – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Esthesioneuroblastoma (Head and Neck Cancer)
    Ewing cancer (Bone Cancer)
    Extracranial cell tumour, Childhood
    Extragonadal cell tumour
    Eye Cancer
    Childhood Intraocular skin cancer – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Intraocular skin cancer
    Retinoblastoma

  • F
    Fallopian Tube Cancer
    Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone, Malignant, and sarcoma
  • G
    Gallbladder Cancer
    Gastric (Stomach) Cancer
    Childhood internal organ (Stomach) Cancer – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Gastrointestinal tumor tumour
    Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST) (Soft Tissue cancer)
    Childhood gi Stromal Tumors – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Germ Cell Tumors
    Childhood Central systema nervosum cell Tumors (Brain Cancer)
    Childhood Extracranial cell Tumors
    Extragonadal cell Tumors
    Ovarian cell Tumors
    Testicular Cancer
    Gestational tissue layer illness

  • H
    Hairy Cell cancer of the blood
    Head and Neck Cancer
    Heart Tumors, Childhood – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Hepatocellular (Liver) Cancer
    Histiocytosis, Langerhans Cell
    Hodgkin cancer
    Hypopharyngeal Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)

  • I
    Intraocular skin cancer
    Childhood Intraocular skin cancer – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Islet Cell Tumors, duct gland system Tumors
    K
    Kaposi cancer (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)
    Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer

  • L
    Langerhans Cell blood disorder
    Laryngeal Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)
    Leukemia
    Lip and mouth Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)
    Liver Cancer
    Lung Cancer (Non-Small Cell and tiny Cell)
    Childhood carcinoma – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Lymphoma

  • M
    Male carcinoma
    Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone and sarcoma
    Melanoma
    Childhood skin cancer – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Melanoma, Intraocular (Eye)
    Childhood Intraocular skin cancer – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Merkel Cell malignant neoplastic disease (Skin Cancer)
    Mesothelioma, Malignant
    Childhood carcinoma – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Metastatic Cancer
    Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary (Head and Neck Cancer)
    Midline Tract malignant neoplastic disease With NUT cistron Changes
    Mouth Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)
    Multiple Endocrine pathological process Syndromes – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Multiple Myeloma/Plasma Cell Neoplasms
    Mycosis Fungoides (Lymphoma)
    Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
    Myelogenous cancer of the blood, Chronic (CML)
    Myeloid cancer of the blood, Acute (AML)
    Myeloproliferative Neoplasms, Chronic

  • N
    Nasal Cavity and nasal sinus Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)
    Nasopharyngeal Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)
    Neuroblastoma
    Non-Hodgkin cancer
    Non-Small Cell carcinoma
How Many Types Of Cancer Are There?
  • O
    Oral Cancer, Lip and mouth Cancer and bodily cavity Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)
    Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone
    Ovarian Cancer
    Childhood female internal reproductive organ Cancer – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood

  • P
    Pancreatic Cancer
    Childhood carcinoma – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Pancreatic system Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors)
    Papillomatosis (Childhood Laryngeal)
    Paraganglioma
    Childhood Paraganglioma – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Paranasal Sinus and cavum Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)
    Parathyroid Cancer
    Penile Cancer
    Pharyngeal Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)
    Pheochromocytoma
    Childhood phaeochromocytoma – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Pituitary tumour
    Plasma Cell Neoplasm/Multiple metastatic tumor
    Pleuropulmonary blastocytoma – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Pregnancy and carcinoma
    Primary Central systema nervosum (CNS) cancer
    Primary serous membrane Cancer
    Prostate Cancer

  • R
    Rectal Cancer
    Recurrent Cancer
    Renal Cell (Kidney) Cancer
    Retinoblastoma
    Rhabdomyosarcoma, Childhood (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)

  • S
    Salivary Gland Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)
    Sarcoma
    Childhood sarcoma (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)
    Childhood tube-shaped structure Tumors (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)
    Ewing cancer (Bone Cancer)
    Kaposi cancer (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)
    Osteosarcoma (Bone Cancer)
    Soft Tissue Sarcoma
    Uterine cancer
    Sézary Syndrome (Lymphoma)
    Skin Cancer
    Childhood carcinoma – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Small Cell carcinoma
    Small Intestine Cancer
    Soft Tissue Sarcoma
    Squamous Cell malignant neoplastic disease of the Skin – see carcinoma
    Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary, pathological process (Head and Neck Cancer)
    Stomach (Gastric) Cancer
    Childhood abdomen (Gastric) Cancer – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood

  • T
    T-Cell cancer, cutaneal – see cancer (Mycosis Fungoides and Sèzary Syndrome)
    Testicular Cancer
    Childhood carcinoma – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Throat Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)
    Nasopharyngeal Cancer
    Oropharyngeal Cancer
    Hypopharyngeal Cancer
    Thymoma and Thymic malignant neoplastic disease
    Thyroid Cancer
    Transitional Cell Cancer of the pelvis and canal (Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer)

  • U
    Unknown Primary, malignant neoplastic disease of
    Childhood Cancer of Unknown Primary – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Unusual Cancers of Childhood
    Ureter and pelvis, shift Cell Cancer (Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer
    Urethral Cancer
    Uterine Cancer, mucosa
    Uterine cancer

  • V
    Vaginal Cancer
    Childhood channel Cancer – see uncommon Cancers of Childhood
    Vascular Tumors (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)
    Vulvar Cancer

  • W
    Wilms tumour and different Childhood excretory organ Tumors

  • Y
    Young Adults, Cancer in

Since cancer may be a cluster of disorders, there are some terms normally utilized in the outline of the illness.

  • Oncology ‘on’ which means ‘cancer’, the medical specialty is that the study of assorted styles of cancers.
  • Tumour – a lump ensuing from AN uncontrolled growth of cells which can be malignant or benign.
  • Malignant – a growth of cells that destroys the encompassing tissue and spreads to alternative elements of the body.
  • Benign – a growth of cells that’s not cancerous.
    Both benign and malignant growths ar unwanted multiplications of cells, however, whereas a benign growth doesn’t usually leave the place of its origin, a malignant growth sometimes destroys not solely the tissue of its origin however conjointly the encompassing ones. this is often why cancers are caused because of malignant growths, that unfold to all or any areas of the body.
  • Carcinoma – a term synonymously used with cancer. however, carcinomas are specifically malignant tumors largely forming on the outlines (epithelium) of the affected organ. it’s the foremost oftentimes occurring style of cancer.
  • Sarcoma – another style of cancer wherever specifically the animal tissue (that that supports the varied elements of the body), is affected. it’s a malignant kind and cancers of the blood, systema lymphaticum, bone and therefore the like, represent this class.
How Many Types Of Cancer Are There?

Cancers seem in many various ways in which. most frequently they’re noticed as a lump or growth in some a part of the body. this is often the case with tumors that kind on the outlines of organs. once the cancerous growth isn’t physically specifiable, there is also different revealing symptoms betting on the shape of cancer and also the affected organ.

Cancer within the brain could have symptoms like a headache, vomiting, problem in walking, dysfunction and memory issues. Tumors of the viscus will gift issues in intestine movements and pain within the abdomen. respiratory organ cancers are also manifested by the problem in respiratory and cough. Cancers of the breast area unit detected as a simple lump. There may additionally be some deformity of 1 or each breast in some cases.

Some malignant tumors area unit manifested by abnormal harm from the affected organ. as an example, cancer of the viscus could end in loss of blood in stools. Similarly, carcinoma is also detected once the patient passes blood within the mucous secretion. Pain, as popularly believed, isn’t a typical symptom of cancer. It solely happens in some cases wherever a nerve is ironed because of speedy enlargement of a growth.

Other symptoms which will be common to any or all types of the cancer area unit an absence of appetence, unexplained loss of weight, general feeling of weakness and fatigue and inflated disposition to infections. These symptoms shouldn’t be unheeded by men and ladies. forever consult your doctors if you see any such symptoms.

How Many Types Of Cancer Are There?

In case blood is passed in stools or a cough, the patient ought to see a doctor. For confirmation, a diagnostic test of the affected organ is completed. during this procedure, a tiny low a part of the tissue is taken for laboratory testing to sight the presence of cancerous cells. In case of cancer of the lungs, liver, abdomen or bowel, Associate in Nursing X-ray or ultrasound of the world could also be taken. CT scans of the organs may be finished diagnosing. The diagnosing is often created keeping in mind the patient’s previous anamnesis. 

Treatment is handiest if the cancer is detected early. therapy is that the commonest technique of treatment for cancer that has to unfold to alternative elements of the body. during this procedure, the malignant cells area unit destroyed with the assistance of powerful chemicals like antimetabolite and Oncovin that area unit given intravenously i.e. directly injected into the veins.

This procedure needs a hospital to keep for the length of medical aid. it’s conjointly related to numerous facet effects like loss of hair, nausea, vomiting, loss of craving and weakness for a few days.

For a growth that has not unfold, radiation therapy or radiation, or surgery is also done. within the former, the cells area unit destroyed with the assistance of sturdy radioactive waves. the precise position of a growth is marked and therefore space is exposed to radiation below strictly controlled conditions.

This treatment is given in breaks and in pre-determined doses. Tumors that develop in organs below secretion management just like the breast, thyroid or prostate, can also be treated with endocrine medical aid. during this treatment, either the supply of the endocrine is removed or anti-hormone medicine area unit given.

This treatment scores over therapy as a result of it always has less severe facet effects. however, the doctor decides the most effective course of treatment betting on the identification of the shape of cancer.

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