Mahabharat:- The Ocean Of Knowledge
Mahabharat:- The Ocean Of Knowledge: The Mahabharat is a major poetry book of Hindus who come to the memory class. Sometimes this poetry, sometimes called “India”, is India’s unique religious, mythological, historical and philosophical treatise.
The world’s longest literary treatise and epic are one of the main texts of Hindu religion. This text is considered to be the fifth Vedas in Hinduism. Although it is considered to be one of the most unique works of literature, this book is still an exemplary source for every Indian.
This work is a saga of the history of ancient India. In this, the sacred book of Hindu religion is embodied with Bhagavad Gita. There are about 1,10,000 verses in the entire Mahabharata, which is ten times greater in magnitude than the Greek poet Iliad and Odyssey.
Mahabharat:- The Ocean Of Knowledge
According to Hindu beliefs, mythological references and the Mahabharat itself, the author of this verse is considered by Vedavis ji.
Vedas Ji, the author of this verse, has described the mysterious mysteries of Vedas, Vedanga, and Upanishads in this unique verse.
Apart from this, this verse has also been explained in detail in detail in the fields of justice, education, medicine, astrology, warfare, yogic, economics, architecture, crafts, crafts, astronomy, and theology.
Original poetic composition history
It took three years for Vedavis to complete the Mahabharat, because it was possible that in such a period there was not much development of script writing, at that time, the Vedic texts by the Rishis were able to remember the generations of traders.
At that time, the language of Sanskrit sages and Brahmi used to be the language of colloquial language. Thus, by remembering the entire Vedic literature by the sages, verbally, Then slowly, when the style of remembering the Vedic literature of the Vedic age disappeared with the influence of time, with the fall of the Vedic age, it has become prevalent to keep Vedic literature written on manuscripts.
It is noteworthy that the modern form of Mahabharat is made through many states. Four early states of the composition have been identified by the scholars.
The First Four Stages
Vaishnayam Ji, mentioning the Mahabharat to the sage Muni at the Saran Yagya ceremony of Jainmayya.
1) The first epic was written by Vedavavas, in 100 festivals as one hundred thousand verses, which later became known as the Mahabharata.
2) The second time, at the request of Vyas Ji, this disciple “Bharat” should be told in the Yagya festival of the epic rishi-Muni, born by his disciple Vaishnamayan ji.
3) For the third time, Wisempayan and Rishi-Munio, as stated in this dialogue, recite the Mahabharata by arranging all the sages again as 18 festivals.
4) The writing of “Mahabharata” as this point of Yarn and Rishi-Monisan is being written in the form of manuscript manuscripts in Omnipresent Brahmi or Sanskrit on the development of art.
Archaeological evidence (before 1900 BC)
- The ancient Vedic Saraswati river has many descriptions in the Mahabharat, the description of the pilgrimage from the Parshas area (present-day Kachchh) from Balarama ji to its parallel pebbles (near Plakshapartavan, near Yamunotri) on the coast, also comes in the Mahabharat.
- Many geologists believe that the presently dry Ghaggar-Hakra river was the ancient Vedic Saraswati river, which flows through the entire stream of 5000-3000 BC and was dried due to geologic changes in about 1900 BC. In the ancient Vedic period described in Rigveda, the river Saraswati was given the title of a river. Saraswati river was the biggest and main river in his civilization, not Ganga.
- Due to geologic changes, the water of the Saraswati river went to the Yamuna and considers the Ganges-Yamuna Sangam place as the ‘Triveni’ (Ganges-Yamuna-Saraswati) confluence. This incident was recited by the Ganga of Hastinapur, described in later Vedic literature Carrying is also done because of the Puranas, that after 28 generations of floods, due to floods in the Ganges, Hastinapur flooded in water and later generations He made Kaushambi his capital.
- In the Mahabharat, there is a reference to drying on the shrine named Saraswati river, which means that the Saraswati river stopped going to the Malwa region (near Sindh) due to being hostile to the Malaysians.
- Indian Archaeological Survey Department has discovered 4000-3500-year-old city submerged on the west coast of Gujarat. These have been linked to the Dwarka references described in Mahabharata. Prof. S. R. Rao has proven this city as Dwarka by giving many arguments. Although the dispute is still going on because many other 7500-year-old cities have also been met on the western coast of Gujarat.
- It can be assumed that with all these facts, Mahabharat would have been composed before 950-800 BC, which corresponds to astrological dates, linguistic analysis, foreign sources and archeological evidence in Mahabharat. But the modern version was composed 600-200 BC. Like most other Vedic literature, this epic also reached our generation by the first literary tradition, and many other geographical editions were even before it became the art of printing, in which there are many such incidents that the original Does not appear in the story or looks in any other form.
Introduction To Mahabharat
But according to the description given in the Adivarav of Mahabharata, many scholars consider this beginning with the title “Narayana Namastei”, then from a believing festival and from the story of another scholar Brahmin Upachir Vasu.
These epic ‘Jai Sinhita’, ‘Bharat’ and ‘Mahabharata’ are famous with these three names. Indeed, Ved Vyas ji first composed the book ‘Bharat’ of the magnitude of 100,000 verses, in which he along with the characters of the Indian diaspora, along with many other great sages, the anecdotes of Chandra Vanshi-Suryavanshi kings Put religious anecdotes too After this, Vyas Ji made poetry ‘India’ with 24,000 verses without focusing only on the indigenous peoples of the anecdotes of other sages, Chandra Vanshi-Suryavanshi kings.
Due to the conquest of religion in the two creations, they were called ‘Jai’. There is a story in Mahabharata that when the Gods placed four “Vedas” in one hand of the scales and placed ‘Bharat texts’ on the other, ‘Bharat texts’ proved to be the most heavier than all the Vedas.
Thus, seeing the significance of ‘Bharat’ book, the gods and the sages called it ‘Mahabharata’ and due to this story, this verse in humans also became the most famous in the name of ‘Mahabharata’.
It is mentioned in the Mahabharata that Vedavas Ji, attached to penance in a holy cave of the foothills of the Himalayas, and being in meditation Yoga, recited the events of the Mahabharata to the end and created the Mahabharata in mind itself.
But after this a serious problem arose in front of him that how the knowledge of this verse should be delivered to the general public, because of its complexity and length is very difficult, Therefore, at the behest of Brahma Ji, Vyas approached Ganesh Ji.
Ganesha agreed to write, but he kept a condition that after lifting the pen, they would not stop till the poetry was finished. Vyasji knew that this condition can generate very difficulties, so he too has his cleverness It is said that before writing any shloka, Ganesha would have to understand the meaning of it. Ganesh Ji accepted this proposal.
In this way, Vyas Ji used to write some difficult verses in between, when Ganesha was contemplating his meaning, Vyas would give some other new verses in such a time. Thus, the entire Mahabharata was written in a gap of 3 years. Vedavish Ji first created the first India book of one lakh verses including the anecdotes of Humans. Apart from the anecdotes, the Indian Code of twenty-four thousand verses was made.
Thereafter, Vyas Ji made the second code of sixty-six thousand verses, with thirty lakh shlokas in Deobhokan, fifteen lakhs of patrilok and fourteen lakh verses attained in Gandharvokal.
The primal India of one lakh shlokas was reputed in Manlok. After completing the work of the Mahabharata, Vedavas first studied this book with his son Shukdev, and so did the other disciples, Vaisampayana, Pell, Jammin, Asit-Deewal etc. Shukdev Ji taught Gandharvas, Yakshas, and monsters To study it Devshi Narad gave this discourse to the Gods, Asit-Deewal, Fathers and Vaishampayan Ji to humans. Vaishampayan ji was told by many Vaishampayan Ji in Yajna festival, many sages, including yarn, were told.
Background and History Of Mahabharat
Two families of Mahabharat Chandravanshi are the story of a war between Kaurava and Pandava. The conflict between the 100 Kaurava brothers and the five Pandava brothers, the struggle for the land, finally created Mahabharata war. There are several different prescribed dates by Indian and Western scholars of this war:
According to world-renowned Indian mathematician and astronomer Varahamihir, the Mahabharata war took place in 2449 AD.
According to the world famous Indian mathematician and astronomer Aryabhata, the Mahabharata war took place on February 18, 3102 BC.
In the 5th century Aihole record of the greatest emperor Pulakesi II of the Chalukya Dynasty, it has been reported that 3, 735 years have passed since the war of India, from this point of view Mahabharata’s war would have been fought in 3100 BC.
According to the Puranas, this war took place before 1900 BC, if the various monarchs given in the Puranas are mixed with Chandragupta Maurya, the dates of 1900 BC come out, but according to some scholars, Chandragupta Maurya had happened in 1500 BC. If this is considered, then the date of 3100 BC comes out because of the Greek ambassador Megasthenes, in his book “Indica”, of Chandragupta.
According to most Western scholars such as Michael Vital, India war happened in 1200 BC, which it has been linked to in the Iron Age (1200-800 BC) in India.
Based on the celestial calculations of most Indian scholars such as BAin Achaar, NS Rajaram, Subhash Kak, Planet constellations, it seems to have begun before 3067 BC and some European scholars such as P.V. Hole started on 13 November 3143 BC.
Based on the celestial calculations of the planets and constellations described in the Indian scholar, P.V. Warak Mahabharata, it started on 16 October, 5561 BC. According to him, the Greek ambassador Megasthenes described the meeting with the warriors in the Mathura (Mathura) state on the banks of the Yamuna (Yamuna) during his visit to India in his book “Indica”, Megasthenes had told that these heroes had no Heracles Worshiped a deity, and these Heracles was a miraculous man and was 138 generations before Chandragupta.
Heracles made many marriages and produced many sons. But all his sons were killed in battle. Here it is clear that this Heracles was Krishna, and the scholars linked them to Lord Krishna by calling them Harikrishna because Lord Krishna was 138 generations before Chandragupta, and if he gave 20-30 years to one generation, then the birth of Shrikrishna dates back to 3100-5600 BC. Therefore, the battle of Mahabharata on this basis would have happened at 5600-3100 BC.
The brief story of Mahabharat
The origin of the Kuruvas and the reign of Pandu is Abhishek
According to the Puranas, Brahma Ji was born Atri, Atri to the moon, Mercury from the moon and ela-Nandan pururava from Mercury. He was born from his age, age, King Nahush and Nahush. Meticulous In the family of Puru, Bharata, and Bharata in total, the king was kuru.
The descendants of Kuru were quiet. Ganganandan Bhishma was born from Shantanu. Chantangad and Vignettes were produced from Saturn’s womb through Shantanu.
Chitrangad was killed by the name of Gandharva and the people of Raja Vicharvarya Rajayakshma became paralyzed. Then by the order of Satyavati, Vyasji created the Pandu from the womb of Ambika through the use of Dhritarashtra and Ambalika’s womb.
Dhritarashtra gave birth to a hundred sons by Gandhari, in which Duryodhan was the eldest and Pandu had five sons, Yudhishtar, Bhima, Arjun, Nakul, Sahadeva etc. Dhritarashtra was blind from birth, so Pandu was made king in his place.
Once upon a time playing a game in the forest, a handful of deceased Sage was killed by Pandu’s arrow. Cursed by the sage, “Now, whenever you are involved with you, you will die”, Pandu becomes very sad, by abandoning all desires including his queens and making Dhritarashtra a representative of Hastinapur in the forest.
Birth of Pandavas and Laxmibazar Conspiracy
On the request of King Pandu, Kunti invoked religion from the Mantra given by the Durga Rishi, and Yudhisthira from time to time, and Vasudeva from Vayu Dev, Arjun was born from Indra. With the help of Kunti, Le Madri gave birth to Nakula and Sahdev from Ashwani Kumaras.
One day, while traveling on the banks of Sarita in the forest with King Pandu Madri, Pandu’s mind became fickle and became involved in copulation, which led to his death. Madri became sati with him, but Kunti returned to Hastinapur for the sons’ upbringing.
Kunti gave birth to Karna before the marriage and gave Karna to the river Ganges after fearing of locals. The sarathi impostor of Dhritarashtra saved him and followed him.
Karna’s interest was in warfare and hence, after refusing Dronacharya he got the education from Parshuram. Duryodhana tried to kill the Pandavas several times in his childhood, and even when Yudhisthira was made Yuvraj in the young age, he sent Pandavas to Lakshva Vigyan in the house made of Lakshya and tried to burn them with fire, but Vidur’s help Because of this, he left the burning house.
The Pandavas went from there to Ekchakra Nagar and made a Muani cloak and started living in a Brahmin’s house. Then, at the behest of Vyas ji, he went to the state of Panchal, where Draupadi was about to be Swaroop.
There, one after another, all the kings and princes tried to target the fish, but success did not work. After this, Arjun distinguished the fish from the same arrow by looking at the image in the oil and Draupadi went ahead and put Verma in the neck of Arjuna.
According to the word of Mother Kunti, the five Pandavas received Draupadi in the wife’s form. At Draupadi’s Swayam, along with Duryodhana, Drupada, Dhrishtadyumna and many others had doubted that they were only five Brahmins Pandavas.
Therefore, in order to test them, Drupada called him in his rajaprasad In Rajaprasad, Drupada and Dhrishtadyumna first showed the treasury but the Pandavas did not show any interest in the Ratnabhanas and Gems-Manikya etc, kept there.
But when they went to the arsenal, they all showed great interest in the arms and ammunition kept there and kept the weapons of their choice. From his actions, Drupada believed that he was Pandava in the form of Brahmins.
Establishment of indraprastha
Looking at the Indraprastha town built by the Mayan demon in Khandavvan and Vishwakarma with Pandava Sri Krishna.
Draupadi started thinking of all the Pandavas as dead except for Vaidur, and hence Dhritarashtra made Duryodhana the prince. In order to avoid the crisis of civil war, Yudhishthar accepted Khandahar forest as Khandahar forest as a half state by Dhritarashtra.
Arjuna, together with Krishna, defeated all the gods in battle, burnt the Khandavvan and satisfied the fire caused by Indra to satisfy the fire god by reducing the rain caused by the arrows of his arrows. As a result, Arjun received the divine Gandeev Dhanush and Uttam Rath and Shrikrishna received the Sudarshan Chakra from Agnidew. Indra was overjoyed by the heroism of his son Arjuna.
They removed the forests of Khandwastra. After that, the Pandavas beautified the city with the help of the Maya monk with Shrikrishna. That city became like a second paradise On the say of Indra, Shilpi Vishwakarma, and Mayan demon, together, created Khandav forest in a beautiful city like Indrapuri, which was named Indraprastha.
Disrespect of Draupadi and exile of Pandavas
Pandavas, who conquered the entire direction, ritually performed rajasu yagya with abundant golden rashi.
His glory became unbearable for Duryodhana, so that Shakuni, Karna and Duryodhana etc got into Juan with Yudhishtir and won his sons, Draupadi and his kingdom by laughing and deceiving Draupadi in the Kuru Rajya Sabha. Tried.
But Gandhari came and stopped it from happening. Dhritarashtra once again instructed him to play gamble with the inspiration of Duryodhana. It was decided that whatever party will lose in the same bets, they will be deplorable and will be exiled for twelve years and will stay in an unknown place for one year.
Even if they were recognized in that year, they would have to rehabilitate twelve years of exile. Thus, after defeating in Juhu, Yudhishthar went to the forest with his brothers. After twelve years, he went to Virat Nagar for a year’s unknown.
When the Kauravas began to take over the cows of Virat, then Arjuna defeated them. At that time the Kauravas had identified the Pandavas, but the identity of them had been completed by then. But even after completing known and 12 years of unknown identity, the Kauravas refused to give their kingdom to the Pandavas.
Peacemaker Shrikrishna, the war started and Gita-preaching
Dharmaraj Yudhishthar became the master of seven Akhushin armies and was ready to fight with the Kurus. First Lord Sri Krishna went to Duryodhana as an envoy.
He told Swami Raja Duryodhana of eleven invincible armies that you should give half the kingdom to Yudhisthira or offer five villages and stop the war.